Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that can have various skin manifestations and can also affect the eyes. The skin involvement is mainly in the central part of the face, with manifestations such as redness, pimples, flushing and dilated blood vessels. More rarely, it can lead to thickening and swelling of the skin around the nose, called rhinophyma. Rosacea is most commonly diagnosed in women and in people whose skin type is most at risk for sunburn. The causes of rosacea onset are not well understood, but there are common potential triggers that can be avoided to prevent rosacea flare-ups. There are also various treatment options that can help control rosacea. These include topical creams, oral medications and V-Beam laser or Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatments. If you have rosacea, a personalized assessment with a healthcare professional will determine which treatment may offer the most benefit for your specific condition.
STAY OUT OF THE SUN
People with rosacea are very sensitive to sunlight. Just a few minutes in the sun can cause redness and flushing of the face’s skin. We recommend that people with rosacea wear a broad spectrum sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays and has an SPF of at least 30. This sunscreen should be used daily and should preferably be unscented. It may be easier to remember to wear sunscreen if you incorporate it into your skin care routine by using moisturizers or anti-aging creams that include SPF.
BE PICKY WITH ALCOHOL
Alcohol consumption is known to cause rosacea flare-ups. Red wine can particularly trigger these flare-ups. You may be able to control these symptoms by drinking white wine instead of red and by limiting yourself to a drink or two and having a big glass of cold water after each drink.
DON’T GET TOO HOT… OR TOO COLD
Extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold, can cause rosacea flare-ups. It is recommended to avoid prolonged showers and baths with very hot water and to avoid sitting too close to a major heat source such as a radiator or fireplace. In winter, it is important to protect your face from the cold wind and to limit the time spent outdoors.